Project deliverables

Deliverable D2.3: BROAD OVERVIEW REPUTATION OF MINING AND EXPLORATION

This study analyses the reputation and attitudes towards mining and mineral exploration in the three reference countries of INFACT Project (Spain, Finland and Germany) and in leading mining countries based on literature review. The report reflects the difference in availability of literature on this matter between Finland and the other reference countries, mainly explained by differences in the evolution and development of the mining sector over the last decades. Mineral exploration is inherently perceived as a prior stage of mining production itself. The general acceptance of mining in Europe is slightly positive, being higher in traditional mining regions. The main factors laying out mining reputation or acceptance are the trust in public governance over mining companies, the potential negative environmental impacts perceived and the fairness of wealth distribution within local communities.

Download full report here

Deliverable 2.4: ONLINE-SURVEY OF PUBLIC OPINION IN FINLAND, GERMANY AND SPAIN

In March 2018, a representative citizens’ survey on mining and mineral exploration was carried out in each of the countries Finland, Germany and Spain. The aim of the survey was to collect and analyse the public attitude towards mining activities and mineral exploration. It was structured in the following four sections:

  1. Introduction
  2. General attitudes towards mining
  3. General attitude towards mineral exploration and their activities (helicopter, drones)
  4. Attitude towards mining industry and public authorities

The raw data was collected by an online panel, exposing the respondents to a set of 21 questions, closed standardized and open-ended. App. 1000 respondents in each of the three countries Finland, Germany and Spain (total 3.000) of all ages and regions are involved, bringing insights about the public attitude towards mining, mineral exploration and the mining industry. INFACT-Partners DIALOGIK, ATCLAVE, University of Eastern Finland and SYKE carried out the survey and analysed the data. Norstat in Germany, with branches in Spain and Finland, simultaneously collected the data with an online panel and their respondents’ data base.

The results show that citizens in Finland, Germany and Spain have a positive attitude towards mining concerning the importance of the sector for the whole economy, the chances for employment and being independent by mining resources in the own country. People see a benefit for the local infrastructure and facilities when it comes to mining. In general terms, Indifferent among the citizens’ opinion is the trust and acceptance towards mining industry and how public authorities handle mining issues. Impact on environment caused by mining is seen as a huge issue. The citizens are unsure and indifferent whether mining is usually accepted by the local community or not. Relating to exploration with non-invasive methods, like helicopters and drones, participants are generally not bothered. Some show an interest to learn more about the technology of non-invasive methods. Public might be concerned about the noise caused by the field research and about a drone which could observe the ground, violating privacy. A stable 10 to 15% of all participants show a very critical (very negative) attitude in general towards mining and mineral exploration.

The results give an overview of the general attitude towards mining and mineral exploration in the three countries and will support designing the stakeholder engagement process in each of the reference sites in Finland, Germany and Spain for 2018 and 2019.

Download full report here

Deliverable D3.2: PROSPECTIVE AREAS FOR CRITICAL RAW MATERIALS IN THE EU

This deliverable analyses prospective areas for critical raw materials in the EU.

Download full report here

EXPERT STAKEHOLDER SURVEY - THE BARRIERS TO MINERAL EXPLORATION IN EUROPE

This report gives the findings and implications of an expert stakeholder survey exploring the barriers to mineral exploration in Europe. These findings will help inform further INFACT deliverables in Work Programmes 3 and 6.

Download full report here

‘This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement nº 776487.’

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